What is a Preposition? | Top 150 Prepositions list in English

Definition of a preposition

Preposition is an important chapter in English grammar. It plays a significant role to make a sentence with proper meaning and understanding. However, the question is 'what is the definition of a preposition'?

'Pre' means 'before' and 'position' means 'situation'. A word placed before a noun or a pronoun or noun-equivalent to show its relation to any other word in a sentence is called a preposition. For example: in, on, to, above, within, between, under, etc. A little list of prepositions are given below:
Prepositions are marked for easy identification.
150 Prepositions list in English

  • He has been lived in the place for three years.
  • The mobile phone is on the bed.
  • No one access to the internet for a while.
  • The birds are flying above the building.
  • The game is over right now.
  • Please finish the project within one month.
  • They have a good relationship between themselves.
  • The coach works under the team.
Let us discuss the prepositions list in English grammar.

150 Prepositions list in English with meanings and examples

Top 150 Prepositions list in English with meaning and examples are given in the below:

1. Abhorrent to

Hateful, loathsome
  • Don't abhorrent to the poor people.
  • We have to abhorrent to bad people in our society.
  • He doesn't want to abhorrent to his best friend.


2. Abound in 

Be plentiful, be numerous
  • The number of casualties abounds in the hospital.
  • This class abound in many students.
  • There are a huge number of tourists abound in the sea beach.


3. Absent from

Not present in the place
  • He was absent from the meeting.
  • My friend absent from the picnic spot.
  • I was absent from the public debate.


4. Absorbed in

Concentrated, sunk
  • The boy is absorbed in the study.
  • He is absorbed in the class.
  • She was absorbed in the cooking.


5. Accompanied by

Go alone with, travel with
  • He is accompanied by his sister.
  • My friend accompanied by his bike.
  • The students accompanied by the teacher.


6. Accused of 

Charge with, indicted for
  • This man is accused of murder.
  • He was accused of gambling.
  • You had been accused of money laundering.


7. Add to

Attach, put on, put in
  • Let's add to the music also.
  • Please don't forget to add to the laptop in my bag.
  • We have to add to all the materials for the conference.


8. Addicted to 

Devoted to, obsessed with
  • He is addicted to the drug.
  • My friend was addicted to playing cards.
  • You shouldn't be addicted to bad things.


9. Adjacent to

Adjoining, neighbouring
  • This shop is adjacent to my house.
  • The coffee bar is adjacent to the college.
  • The college is adjacent to the university.


10. Admit of

Acknowledge, confess, reveal
  • He admits of this misdeed.
  • My brother admits of his failure.
  • You should be admitted of your bad habits.


11. Admit into

To allow someone or something to enter
  • She allows him to admit into the room.
  • The teacher admits the student into the class.
  • My friends asked me to admit into the place.


12. Adapt to

Adjust, transform
  • I fail to adapt to the place.
  • My parents adapt to new weather.
  • You have to adapt to the situation.


13. Adhere to

Comply with, be faithful
  • He adheres to the code of conduct.
  • Everyone should adhere to their parents.
  • She has to adhere to new rules and regulations.


14. Afraid of 

frightened, scared
  • I'm afraid of snakes.
  • My friend is afraid of ghost.
  • They are afraid of playing with us.


15. Affection for

Love, fondness
  • She has enough affection for her son.
  • Every parent has affections for their children.
  • We should have affection for the poor.


16. Affectionate to

Adoring, devoted
  • The boy is affectionate for his parents.
  • Miss Lorren was affectionate to her husband.
  • You have to be affectionate to your friends.

17. Agree with

To decide something together
  • I agree with the matter.
  • He agrees with the new business dell.
  • She was agreed with the new law for women.

18. Aim at

To intend, planning to achieve
  • Fernandez aims at reaching the destination.
  • He aims at being a doctor.
  • They aim at winning the match today.

19. Alarmed at

Panic, shock, terrify
  • We should be alarmed at natural disasters.
  • The country alarmed at earthquake.
  • Mr Joseph alarmed at climate change in the world.

20. Allot to

Allocate, assign
  • Let us allot to distribute some money for the poor.
  • We should be allotted our useless clothes to the street children. 
  • The authority is allotted new building to the school.

21. Alternative to

Different, replacement
  • He has no alternative to learn English.
  • You don't have any alternative to attending the class.
  • She doesn't have any alternation to follow the commandment of her parents.

22. Ambition for

Aspiration, goal
  • Everyone has an ambition for a happy life.
  • He has an ambition for being an engineer.
  • You should have an ambition for your future.

23. Angry with

Annoyed, irritated
  • Nobody is angry with an honest man.
  • My friends are angry with me.
  • Miss Jammy was angry with her child.

24. Anxious for

Worried, concerned
  • I'm anxious for my examination.
  • He was anxious for buying a new car.
  • You have to anxious for your study.


25. Apart from

Excluding, except for
  • He can do the work apart from his friend.
  • She can't go there apart from her husband.
  • You will pass the examination apart from your laziness.

26. Apathy towards

Lack of interest
  • I have apathy towards the bad people.
  • She is apathy towards meeting her friends.
  • They are apathy towards playing him.

27. Apology for

Expression of regret
  • You should apology for your sins.
  • He apologizes for making this misdeed.
  • They apologize for not attending the class.

28. Apply for

Put in an application, register
  • The man has applied for a government job.
  • He applied for taking the admission of the college.
  • They are applied for participating in the program.

29. Appointed to

Nominate, engage
  • He is appointed to a news organization.
  • She was appointed to her job.
  • Mr Jolil appointed some workers to finish the work.

30. Aptitude for

Talent, skill
  • She has an aptitude for an exceptional recipe.
  • He had no aptitude for joining the competitive examination.
  • They have the aptitude for wining the cricket match.

31. Argue against

Allege, oppose
  • He argues against the criminal.
  • Mr Imral argues against gambling.
  • You should argue against bad activities accrued throughout the country.

32. Arrive at

Come, appear, approach
  • Mr Jacob has arrived at the station.
  • I will arrive at the place at 9 am.
  • You have to arrive at the meeting on time.

33. Ascend to

Go up, climb
  • The old man ascends to the kingdom.
  • Mr Claif ascends to a new position.
  • Miss Katherine ascends to the rank.

34. Ashamed of

Guilty, regretful
  • He ashamed of himself for his bad work.
  • You should ashamed of failing the examination.
  • They ashamed of losing the cricket match.

35. Asked for

Request, needed, expected
  • Mrs Kitty asked for some money.
  • He asked for buying a new bike from his father.
  • My friend asks me for a glass of water.

36. Assured of

Self-confident, positive
  • He is assured of this future.
  • The boy assured of passing the examination.
  • Lora assured of performing in the program.

37. At lunch

A meal is eaten in the middle of the day
  • Please meet with me at lunch.
  • He treats us at lunch at 2 pm.
  • The organization requests Mr Jacob to take the offer at lunch.


38. Attend to

Be present, take part in
  • I was attended to the program.
  • My brother attends to a new event.
  • The professor will attend the program to deliver a motivational speech.


39. Authority on

Expert, professional
  • Mr Kossek has authority on the topic.
  • My teacher authority on English.
  • He has not enough authority on mathematics

40. Aware of

Conscious, awake to, alert to
  • We should aware of natural disasters.
  • You have to aware of your future plan.
  • She is aware of participating in the interview.

41. Bad at 

Unskilled, unprofessional
  • He is bad at Mathematics.
  • I'm bad at playing football.
  • She is bad at swimming.


42. Beneficial to 

Favourable, advantage
  • Hard work is beneficial to success.
  • This product is enough beneficial to make more profit.
  • He wanted to be beneficial by selling more clothes.


43. Bias towards

Oppose, contrary to
  • His investigation is biased towards the actual incident.
  • He is biased towards making the report.
  • I want to bias towards criminal activities.


44. Blind to

Unconcerned about, apathetic towards
  • He is blind to obey his duty.
  • She was blind to care for her child.
  • They are blind to take responsibility for their failure.


45. Boast of

Self-praise, pride
  • The man boast of this good work.
  • He boasts of his profession.
  • You have to boast of your study.


46. Burden with

Worry, hardship, distress
  • Katherine is burdened with the tragedy.
  • He burdens with maintaining his whole family.
  • The student burdens with over study.


47. By heart

From memory, word for word
  • He reads the text by heart.
  • I remember the incident by heart.
  • Please do the job by heart.

48. Care for

Love, be fond of, adore
  • You have to care for your parents.
  • She is caring for her child.
  • You should care for your health for interrupting the diseases.

49. Cast aside

Ignored, deny, decline
  • Let's cast aside the rubbish things.
  • I'm cast aside by you.
  • Unfortunately, you are cast aside by our best friend.

50. Catch at

Seize, grab, snatch
  • The man catches at the ball.
  • The police catch the criminal at the hidden place.
  • You should catch at the lesson in the class.

51. Cause for

Reason, justification
  • Unconsciousness cause for several diseases.
  • Your bad habits cause for your bad result.
  • Criminal activities cause for punishment.

52. Charge with

Accuse of, indicted for, put on trial for
  • He is charged with murder.
  • The man is charged with gambling.
  • Mr Jonshon charged with corruption.

53. Combination of 

Union, blend, mixture
  • This food is a combination of many items.
  • The rainbow is a combination of several colours.
  • She made food by the combination of many items.

54. Compare to

Estimate, measure, contrast

  • He compares himself to an intellectual person.
  • Don't compare him to bad people.
  • Mr Cliff compares himself to an intellectual scholar.

55. Compatible with

Consistent, in keeping
  • You have to compatible with this matter.
  • He is compatible with learning English.
  • Mr Karim is compatible with making money in an illegal way.

56. Competent for

Capable, proficient, skilful
  •  He is competent for the project.
  • The CEO of that company is competent for taking interviews.
  • She is competent for doing her job perfectly.

57. Complain to

Protest, make a complaint
  • I want to complain to this employee.
  • She complains to some illegal things.
  • Mr Joshon intends to complain to gambling activities.

58. Comply with

Abide by, obey, adhere to
  • We should comply with the supreme court.
  • All of you have to comply with the new rules.
  • They have to comply with the policy of the company.

59. Concern for

Worry, trouble, bother
  • I'm concerned for this unexpected incident.
  • She is concerned for her final examination.
  • He is concerned for his physical fitness.

60. Confidence in

Trust, believe, faith
  • She has enough confidence in her result.
  • They had the confidence in doing the task.
  • Mr Ariel is confident in obeying his duty properly.

61. Congratulate on

Wish someone's good luck
  • Mr Dubbi congratulates on his son's success.
  • My father congratulates me on my final result.
  • The officer congratulates his workers on fulfiling the target.

62. Consist of

Be composed, be made up, be formed

  • This building is consist of several materials.

63. Contemporary of

Peer, fellow

  • S.T. Coleridge was a contemporary poet of Wordsworth.

64. Contrary to

Opposite, opposed, contradictory

  • It's a contrary product to the original.

65. Contribution to

Participate in, involve in

  • He has a contribution to fulfilling the project.

66. Control over

Limitation, restriction

  • Police have control over the investigation.

67. Convinced of

Persuade, satisfy, assure

  •  She is convinced of the matter.

68. Cope with

To ensure something

  • Ultimately I cope with my decision.

69. Count upon

Depend, rely on

  • He counts upon his father.

70. A curse for

Swear word, oath, put the evil eye on

  • The man is the curse for the society.

71. Cruise to

Triumph, achieve success in

  • We cruise to the game.

72. Deal with

 Treat, handle

  • He knows how to deal with his friends.

73. Depend on

Rely on, count upon

  • Poor people depend on the rich.

74. Desire to

 Wish, aspiration, impulse

  • He has a strong desire to black money.

75. Die by

Passed away by a poison

  • The old man is died by poison.

76. Die for

Passed away by the dedication.

  •  He died for his nation.

77. Die from

Passed away for the cause

  • The boy died from hunger.

78. Die of

Passed away by disease

  • She died of cancer.

79. Different from

 Dissimilar, unlike, contrasting

  •  The boy is different from his sister.

80. Difficulty in

Awkwardness, trouble

  • There are some difficulties in this sector.

81. Disappointed at

Depressed, distress, discourage

  • I'm disappointed at your recent approach.

82. Divide among

Separate into many portions

  • Please divide the foods among the children.

83. Divide between

Separate into two portions

  • I don't want to divide between my friends.

84. Dwell in

Reside, live, lodge

  • They dwell in the place for a long time.

85. Dwell upon

Talk over, talk about, debate

  • You should not dwell upon any negative topic.

86. Eligible for

Entitled, permitted, allowed

  • He is eligible for this offer.

87. Enter into

Get involved in, go in for

  • They enter into the work.

88. Entitled to

Make eligible, authorize

  • He entitled to the land.

89. Equal to

Capable of, fit for

  • The skilled person equal to the job.

90. Essential for 

(necessary, vital, significant)
Book is essential for gaining knowledge.

91. Exception to

Different, distinctive, dissimilar

  • He is the exception to others.

92. Exclude from

Keep out, deny access to

  • They exclude participating in the program.

93. Experience in

Skill, practical knowledge, exposure to

  • He has enough experience in English.

94. Face with

Look out on, look toward

  • She doesn't want to face a new problem with her friend .

95. Fail in

Be unsuccessful in, not pass

  • He failed in the examination.

96. Faith in

Trust, believe, confidence

  • Mrs Lilly has faith in her religion.

97. Fed up with

Boring, tedious, monotonous

  • I'm fed up with you.

98. Fond of

Keen on, passionate about, affection for

  •  She is fond of her child.

99. Genius for

Brilliance, greatly intelligent, skilled

  • He is a genius for teaching.

100. Get into

Blend, mingle, combine

  •  I get into the new people. 

101. Give in

 Except, take on

  • She gets in her failure.

102. Go down

Drown, immerse, soak

  • The boy goes down the river for the lack of swimming.

103. Good at

Brilliance, great intelligent, skilled

  • He is good at mathematics.

104.Guilty of

To blame, blameworthy

  • The man is guilty of the crime.

105. Hanker after

Wish, want, fancy, aspiration

  • He hankers for a good job.

106. Ignorant of

 Uneducated, unknowledgeable

  • The old man ignorant of technology.

107. Imposed on

Force, inflict, thrust

  • The government imposed on extra VAT.

108. Incapable of

Unable to, not capable of

  • He is incapable of making a debate.

109. Indebted to, for

Appreciative, obligated

  • I'm indebted to you.

110. Independent of

Sovereign, free, autonomous

  • The country is independent of the persecution.

111. Indulge in

Give oneself up to, nourish

  • He indulges in the crime.

112 Innocent of

Guiltless, blameless

  • The man is innocent of the charge.

113. Inquiry into

Investigation, query, examination

  • The police inquiries into the murder.

114. Insist on

Persist, not give up

  • He insists on passing the examination.

115. In spite of

Despite, regardless of

  • I will do the work in spite of many difficulties.

116. Interest in

Attentiveness, notice

  • I have an interest in music.

117. Interfere with

Barge into, get involved in

  • Please do not interfere with us.

118. Laugh at

Chuckle, scream

  • We should not laugh at the poor.

119. Lead to

Direction, margin, advantage

  • The man leads to a new car.

120. Liberate from, in

Set free, release

  • He is liberated from the hospital.

121. Monument to

Memorial, statue, pillar

  • Statue of liberty is the greatest monument to the world.

122. Mourn for

Grieve, lament, sorrow

  • We should mourn for the departed soul.

123. A necessity for

The essential requirement, necessary

  • Good food is a necessity for good health.

124. Object to

Protest, oppose

  • I object to criminal activities.

125. Obliged to, for

Compel, bind, make constrain

  • The employee obliged to do the job.

126. Originate from

Derive, begin, start

  • The quotation is originated from the novel.

127. Penalty for, with

Punishment, sanction

  • The criminal gets the death penalty for his misdeed.

128. Perfect for

Right, appropriate, suitable

  • This cloth is perfect for the girl.

129. Play with

Action, activity, relax, engage in

  • I have no interest to play with you.

130. Popular for

In favour, accepted, fashionable

  • Cricket is a popular game for some people.

131. Pray for

Invoke, beg, plead

  • Please pray for me.

132. Prefer to

Like better, desire, choose

  • I prefer the song to listen to now.

133. Respect for

Appreciation, adoration, a tribute

  • We should have enough respect for our parents.

134. Respond to

React, replay, return

  • Please respond to the question.

135. Retire from

Depart, resign, take off

  • He retired from his work.

136. Return to

Arrival, entry, restoration

  • The man returns to the adventure.

137. Revolt against

Revolution, rebellion

  • The revolutionary group revolt against the army.

138. Run-on

Rush, race, pace

  • He is running on the way.

139. Shout at

Roar, whoop, bark

  • Please don't shout at the place.

140. Smile at

Laugh, beam, look amused

  • He smiles at the comedy show.

141. A solution to

Clarification, resolving, explanation

  • Let us find a solution to the problem.

142. Sorry for

Regretful, apologetic

  • I'm sorry for the incident.

143. Suffer from

Hurt, ache, feel pain

  • He is suffering from severe headache.

144. Suited to

Appropriate, suitable

  • This job is suited to you.

145. Superior to

High level, senior, upper

  • My parents are superior to me.

146. Sympathy for

Pity, condolence, consolation

  • He has enough sympathy for the orphanage.

147. Taste for, of

Flavour, savour, smack, experience

  • I have no taste for/of this food.

148. True to

Accurate, perfect, authentic

  • He is true to his behaviour.

149. Valid for

Accurate, perfect, authentic, true

  • This house is valid for five years.

150. Walk-up

Step, ramble, parade

  • Please walk for your future.

Conclusion

In fine, it can be said preposition plays a very important role to make a sentence perfectly. These above 150 prepositions list in English can be very useful to make new sentences. We have to memorize all those appropriate prepositions with meanings and examples. 

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