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Monday, 8 April 2019

What is a Preposition? | Top 150 Prepositions list in English

Definition of a preposition

Preposition is an important chapter in English grammar. It plays a significant role to make a sentence with proper meaning and understanding. However, the question is 'what is the definition of a preposition'?

'Pre' means 'before' and 'position' means 'situation'. A word placed before a noun or a pronoun or noun-equivalent to show its relation to any other word in a sentence is called a preposition. For example: in, on, to, above, within, between, under etc. A little list of prepositions are given below:
Prepositions are marked for easy identification.
150 Prepositions list in English
Prepositions list
  • He has been lived in the place for three years.
  • The mobile phone is on the bed.
  • No one access to the internet for a while.
  • The birds are flying above the building.
  • The game is over right now.
  • Please finish the project within one month.
  • They have a good relationship between themselves.
  • The coach works under the team.
Let us discuss the prepositions list in English grammar.

150 Prepositions list in English with meanings and examples

Top Prepositions list in English with examples are given in the below:

1. Abhorrent to (hateful, loathsome) Don't abhorrent to the poor people.
2. Abound in (be plentiful, be numerous) The number of casualties abounds in the hospital.
3. Absent from (not present in place) He was absent from the meeting.
4. Absorbed in (concentrated, sunk) The boy is absorbed in the study.
5. Accompanied by (go alone with, travel with) He is accompanied by his sister.
6. Accused of (charge with, indict for) This man is accused of murder.
7. Add to (attach, put on, put in) Let's add to the music also.
8. Addicted to (devoted to, obsessed with) He is addicted to the drug.
9. Adjacent to (adjoining, neighbouring) This shop is adjacent to my house.
10. Admit of (acknowledge, confess, reveal) He admits of this misdeed.
11. Admit into (to allow someone or something to enter) She allow him to admit into the room.
12. Adapt to (adjust, transform) I fail to adapt to the place.
13. Adhere to (comply with, be faithful) He adheres to the code of conduct.
14. Afraid of (frightened, scared) I'm afraid of snakes.
15. Affection for (love, fondness) She has enough affection for her son.
16. Affectionate to (adoring, devoted) The boy is affectionate for his parents.
17. Agree with (to decide something together) I agree with the matter.
18. Aim at (to intend, planning to achieve) Fernandez aims at reaching the destination.
19. Alarmed at (panic, shock, terrify) We should be alarmed at the natural disasters.
20. Allot to (allocate, assign) Please allot to some money for the poor.
21. Alternative to (different, replacement) He has no alternative to learn English.
22. Ambition for (aspiration, goal) Everyone has an ambition for a happy life.
23. Angry with (annoyed, irritated) Nobody is angry with an honest man.
24. Anxious for (worried, concerned) I'm anxious for my examination.
25. Apart from (excluding, except for) He can do the work apart from his friend.
26. Apathy towards (lack of interest) I have no apathy towards the bad people.
27. Apology for (expression of regret) You should apology for your sins.
28. Apply for (put in an application, register) The man has applied for a government job.
29. Appointed to (nominate, engage) He is appointed to a new organisation.
30. Aptitude for (talent, skill) She has an aptitude for an exceptional recipe.
31. Argue against (allege, oppose) He argues against the criminal.
32. Arrive at (come, appear, approach) Mr Jacob has arrived at the station.
33. Ascend to (go up, climb) The old man ascend to the kingdom.
34. Ashamed of (guilty, regretful) He ashamed of himself for his bad work.
35. Asked for (request, needed, expected) Mrs Kitty asked for some money.
36. Assured of (self-confident, positive) He is assured of this future.
37. At lunch (a meal eaten in the middle of the day) Please meet with me at lunch.
38. Attend to (be present, take part in) I was attended to the program.
39. Authority on (expert, professional) Mr Kossek has authority on the topic.
40. Aware of (conscious, awake to, alert to) We should aware of the natural disasters.
41. Bad at (unskilled, unprofessional) He is bad at Mathematics.
42. Beneficial to (favourable, advantage) Hard work is beneficial to success.
43. Bias towards (oppose, contrary to) His investigation is bias towards the actual incident.
44. Blind to (unconcerned about, apathetic towards) He is blind to obey his duty.
45. Boast of (self-praise, pride) The man boast of this good work.
46. Burden with (worry, hardship, distress) Katherine is burden with the tragedy.
47. By heart (from memory, word for word) He reads the text by heart.
48. Care for (love, be fond of, adore) You have to care for your parents.
49. Cast aside (ignored, deny, decline) Let's cast aside the rubbish things.
50. Catch at (seize, grab, snatch) The man catches at the ball.
51. Cause for (reason, justification) Unconsciousness is caused for several diseases.
52. Charge with (accuse of, indict for, put on trial for) He is charged with murder.
53. Combination of (union, blend, mixture) This food is a combination of many items.
54. Compare to (estimate, measure, contrast) He compares himself to an intellectual person.
55. Compatible with (consistent, in keeping) You have to compatible with this matter.
56. Competent for (capable, proficient, skilful) He is competent for the project.
57. Complain to (protest, make a complaint) I want to complain to this employee.
58. Comply with (abide by, obey, adhere to) We should comply with the supreme court.
59. Concern for (worry, trouble, bother) I'm concerned for the issue.
60. Confidence in (trust, believe, faith) She has enough confidence in her result.
61. Congratulate on (wish someone's good luck) Mr Dubbi congratulates on his son's success.
62. Consist of (be composed, be made up, be formed) This building is consist of several materials.
63. Contemporary of (peer, fellow) S.T. Coleridge was a contemporary poet of Wordsworth.
64. Contrary to (opposite, opposed, contradictory) It's a contrary product to the original.
65. Contribution to (participate in, involve in) He has a contribution to fulfilling the project.
66. Control over (limitation, restriction) Police has control over the investigation.
67. Convinced of (persuade, satisfy, assure) She is convinced of the matter.
68. Cope with (to ensure something) Ultimately I cope with my decision.
69. Count upon (depend, rely on) He counts upon his father.
70. Curse for(swear word, oath, put the evil eye on) The man is the curse for the society.
71. Cruise to (triumph, achieve success in) We cruise to the game.
72. Deal with (treat, handle) He knows how to deal with his friends.
73. Depend on (rely on, count upon) The poor people depend on the rich.
74. Desire to (wish, aspiration, impulse) He has a strong desire to black money.
75. Die by (passed away by poison) The old man is died by poison.
76. Die for (passed away by dedication) He died for his nation.
77. Die from (passed away for cause) The boy died from hunger.
78. Die of (passed away by disease) She died of cancer.
79. Different from (dissimilar, unlike, contrasting) The boy is different from his sister.
80. Difficulty in (awkwardness, trouble) There are some difficulties in this sector.
81. Disappointed at (depressed, distress, discourage) I'm disappointed at my examination.
82. Divide among (separate into many portions) Please divide the foods among the children.
83. Divide between (separate into two portions) I don't want to divide between my friends.
84. Dwell in (reside, live, lodge) They dwell in the place for a long time.
85. Dwell upon (talk over, talk about, debate) You should not dwell upon any negative topic.
86. Eligible for (entitled, permitted, allowed) He is eligible for this offer.
87. Enter into (get involved in, go in for) They enter into the work.
88. Entitled to (make eligible, authorize) He entitled to the land.
89. Equal to (capable of, fit for) The skilled person equal to the job.
90. Essential for (necessary, vital, significant) Book is essential for gaining knowledge.
91. Exception to (different, distinctive, dissimilar) He is the exception to others.
92. Exclude from (keep out, deny access to) They exclude to participate in the program.
93. Experience in (skill, practical knowledge, exposure to) He has enough experience in English.
94. Face with (look out on, look toward) She faces with a new problem.
95. Fail in (be unsuccessful in, not pass) He failed in the examination.
96. Faith in (trust, believe, confidence) Mrs Lilly has faith in her religion.
97. Fed up with (boring, tedious, monotonous) I'm fed up with you.
98. Fond of (keen on, passionate about, affection for) She is fond of her child.
99. Genius for (brilliance, great intelligent, skilled) He is a genius for teaching.
100. Get into (blend, mingle, combine) I get into the new people. 
101. Give in (except, take on) She gets in her failure.
102. Go down (drown, immerse, soak) The boy goes down the river for lacking of swimming.
103. Good at (brilliance, great intelligent, skilled) He is good at mathematics.
104.Guilty of (to blame, blameworthy) The man is guilty of the crime.
105. Hanker after (wish, want, fancy, aspiration) He hankers for a good job.
106. Ignorant of (uneducated, unknowledgeable) The old man ignorant of technology.
107. Imposed on (force, inflict, thrust) The government imposed on extra VAT.
108. Incapable of (unable to, not capable of) He is incapable of making a debate.
109. Indebted to, for (appreciative, obligated) I'm indebted to you.
110. Independent of (sovereign, free, autonomous) The country is independent of the persecution.
111. Indulge in (give oneself up to, nourish) He indulges in the crime.
112 Innocent of (guiltless, blameless) The man is innocent of the charge.
113. Inquiry into (investigation, query, examination) The police inquiries into the murder.
114. Insist on (persist, not give up) He insists on passing the examination.
115. In spite of (despite, regardless of) I will do the work in spite of many difficulties.
116. Interest in (attentiveness, notice) I have an interest in music.
117. Interfere with (barge into, get involved in) Please do not interfere with us.
118. Laugh at (chuckle, scream) We should not laugh at poor.
119. Lead to (direction, margin, advantage) The man leads to a new car.
120. Liberate from, in (set free, release) He is liberated from the hospital.
121. Monument to (memorial, statue, pillar) Statue of liberty is the greatest monument to the world.
122. Mourn for (grieve, lament, sorrow) We should mourn for the departed soul.
123. Necessity for (essential requirement, necessary) Good food is the necessity for good health.
124. Object to (protest, oppose) I object to the criminal activities.
125. Obliged to, for (compel, bind, make constrain) The employee obliged to do the job.
126. Originate from (derive, begin, start) The quotation is originated from the novel.
127. Penalty for, with (punishment, sanction) The criminal gets the death penalty for his misdeed.
128. Perfect for (right, appropriate, suitable) This cloth is perfect for the girl.
129. Play with (action, activity, relax, engage in) I have no interest to play with you.
130. Popular for (in favour, accepted, fashionable) Cricket is a popular game for some people.
131. Pray for (invoke, beg, plead) Please pray for me.
132. Prefer to (like better, desire, choose) I prefer the song to listen now.
133. Respect for (appreciation, adoration, tribute) We should show respect for our parents.
134. Respond to (react, replay, return) Please respond to the question.
135. Retire from (depart, resign, take off) He retired from his work.
136. Return to (arrival, entry, restoration) The man returns to the adventure.
137. Revolt against (revolution, rebellion) The revolutionary group revolt against the army.
138. Run on (rush, race, pace) He is running on the way.
139. Shout at (roar, whoop, bark) Please don't shout at the place.
140. Smile at (laugh, beam, look amused) He smiles at the comedy show.
141. Solution to (clarification, resolving, explanation) Lets's find a solution to the problem.
142. Sorry for (regretful, apologetic) I'm sorry for the incident.
143. Suffer from (hurt, ache, feel pain) He is suffering from severe headache.
144. Suited to (appropriate, suitable) This job is suited to you.
145. Superior to (high level, senior, upper) My parents is superior to me.
146. Sympathy for (pity, condolence, consolation) He has enough sympathy for the orphanage.
147. Taste for, of (flavour, savour, smack, experience) I have no taste for/of this food.
148. True to (accurate, perfect, authentic) He is true to his behaviour.
149. Valid for (accurate, perfect, authentic, true) This house is valid for five years.
150. Walk up (step, ramble, parade) Please walk for your future.

Conclusion

In fine, it can be said preposition play a very important role to make a sentence perfectly. These above 150 prepositions list in English can be very useful to make new sentences. We have to memorize all those appropriate prepositions with meanings and examples. 

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