Breaking

Thursday, 17 January 2019

8 parts of speech with full definitions and examples

8 parts of speech

There are 8 parts of speech in English. Parts of Speech is the part and parcel of English grammar. We can't think a sentence without Parts of Speech. If you want to learn English, you must have the knowledge of Parts of Speech. Otherwise, it is impossible to learn English correctly.

Definition of parts of speech by different scholars



J.C. Nesfield: The different kinds of words are called Parts of Speech.
Wren & Martin: Words are divided into different kinds or classes, called Parts of speech, according to their use; that is, according to the work they do in the sentence.

8 parts of speech with full definitions and examples
8 parts of speech

Kinds of Parts of Speech

There are 8 kinds of Parts of Speech. They are

1. Noun
2. Pronoun
3. Adjective
4. Verb
5. Adverb
6. Preposition
7. Conjunction
8. Interjection.
Noun: Any naming word is called a noun. For example; John, boy, country, United Kingdom, Newyork City, Cow, army, iron, honesty etc.
  • John is a good boy.
  • The United Kingdom is my favorite country.
  • My brother lives in Newyork City.
  • The Cow is roaming in the field.
  • The army protects its homeland.
  • Iron is very useful for human life.
  • Honesty is a good virtue.
There are five kinds of nouns. They are:
1. Proper noun
2. Common noun
3. Collective
4. Material noun
5. Abstract noun.
Pronoun: A word used in lieu of a noun is called a pronoun. For example; he, she, they, I, we, it etc.
  • He is going to market to buy a t-shirt.
  • She plays with her classmate.
  • I am the only man who understands the matter.
  • We are going to arrange a free campaign.
  • It was considered that he would be won the trophy.

There are nine kinds of pronouns. They are:

1.Personal pronoun
2.Possessive pronoun
3. Reflexive pronoun
4. Demonstrative pronoun
5. Indefinite pronoun
6. Relative pronoun
7. Interrogative pronoun
8. Distributive pronoun
9. Reciprocal pronoun.
Adjective: A word that describes a noun or pronoun is called adjective. For example; happy, good, clever, intelligent, lazy, large etc.
  • He looks like he is happy now.
  • They had been playing good cricket at a time.
  • Don't try to be more clever.
  • Undoubtedly he is an intelligent person.
  • This animal is so lazy.
  • I saw a large building.
There are two kinds of adjectives. They are:
1. Attributive adjective
2. Predicative adjective.
Verb: A word that expresses an action or doing something is called a verb. For example; am, is, are, was, were, have, has had, can, could, shall, should, will, would, go, play, read, want, sing etc.
  • I am good at English.
  • He is a good boy.
  • They are playing in the field.
  • She was suffering from a fever.
  • These two boys were going to catch fish.
  • I have a beautiful doll.
  • They have gone to this place.
  • He has done his job successfully.
  • My sister had a sweet dog.
  • He can do this work.
  • You could attend this meeting.
  • His father shall go to the field.
  • You should be attentive to your study.
  • She will go to meet her friends.
  • He would claim a better job.
  • Read the book carefully.
  • The boy wants to sing a song.
There are four kinds of verbs. They are:

1. Auxiliary verb
2. Principal verb
3. Transitive verb
4. Intransitive verb.
Adverb: A word used to add something to the meaning or modify of a verb, an adjective or another adverb is called Adverb. For example; about, after, before, fast, slowly etc.
  • Tell me something about you.
  • Pass the book after him.
  • He has done his task before the boy.
  • They want to run fast.
  • The tortoise walks slowly.
There are three types of Adverbs. They are:

1.Simple adverb
2. Relative adverb
3. Interrogative adverb.
Preposition: A word placed before a noun or a pronoun or a noun-equivalent to show its relation to any other word of the sentence is called Preposition. For example; on, in, to, for, with, within, above over etc.
  • He stores his books on his bookshelf.
  • They have been playing football in the field since morning.
  • He goes to market for buying some clothes.
  • She is dancing with her mates.
  • The plane was flying above my head.
  • He couldn't succeed in this plan over the years.
There are three kinds of prepositions. They are:
1. Simple preposition
2. Double preposition
3. Compound preposition.
Conjunction: A word used for joining one word to another word, one word to a clause or one sentence to another sentence is called Conjunction. For example; and, but, or, if, though, than, since so--that, as soon as, either--or, neither--nor etc.
  • Janny and Jammy are good friends.
  • He is rich but cheap minded.
  • Please read more or you will fail in the exam.
  • They will be good doctors if they work hard.
  • He could attend the meeting though he had enough time.
  • The boy is tall than the girl.
  • It has been raining since morning.
  • The old man is so poor that he can't buy enough foods.
  • He left the place as soon as they came.
  • Either Jack or John will do the task.
  • She will neither come here nor her friend.

Interjection: A word used to a short sudden emotion of expression is called Interjection. For example; hurrah! alas! oops! etc.
  • Hurrah! We won the match.
  • Alas! She is no more.
  • Oops! They can't do this job correctly.
There are three kinds of Interjections. They are:

1.Volitive Interjection
2. Emotive Interjection
3. Cognitive Interjection.

Conclusion

To sum up, we may say without parts of speech we can't a sentence. These 8 parts of speech are the fundamental parts of English grammar. Please share this article to your friends so that they can learn about these 8 parts of speech.

No comments:

Post a Comment