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Characteristics of language | 7 characteristics of a language

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Characteristics of language

If you are a student of language, you must have to learn the Characteristics of language.  Language is human, so it varies from creature correspondence in a few different ways. Language can have scores of attributes or properties, however coming up next are the most critical ones: language is discretionary, beneficial, inventive, methodical, vocalic, social, non-natural and ordinary.

7 characteristics of a language
These attributes of language set human language apart from creature correspondence. A portion of these highlights might be a piece of creature correspondence, yet they don't some portion of it altogether. Let us discuss the characteristics of language.
Characteristics of language
Characteristics of language

7 Characteristics of a language

The 7 characteristics of a language are given below. Please read carefully for proper understanding.

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1. Language is arbitrary

Language subjective as in there is no intrinsic connection between the expressions of a language and their importance or the thoughts passed on by them. There is no motivation behind why a female grown-up human is a lady in English, aurat in Urdu Zen in Persian and ladylike in French. 

The decision of a word chose to mean a specific thing or thought is absolutely subjective, however, once a word is chosen for a specific referent, it comes to remain in that capacity. It might be noticed that had language not been subjective, there would have been just a single language on the planet.

2. Language is social

Language is a lot of ordinary open signs utilized by people for correspondence, all things considered, the circumstance in a network. It in this sense in ownership of a social gathering, including a key arrangement of principles which allows its individuals to identify with one another, to connect with one another, to coordinate with one another. Consequently, it's a social establishment. 

Language exists in the public arena, is a method for feeding and creating a society, and sets up human relations.

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3. Language is symbolic

Language is comprised of different sound images and their graphological partners that are utilized to give a few articles, events or significance. These images are discretionarily picked and routinely acknowledged and utilized. Words in a language are not negligible signs or figures. The comprehensibility of a language relies upon the right translation of these images.

4. Language is systematic

In spite of the fact that language is emblematic, its images are orchestrated in a specific framework. All dialects have their arrangement of plans. Each language is an arrangement of frameworks. All dialects have phonological and syntactic frameworks and inside an arrangement of frameworks, there are a few sub-frameworks. 

For instance, inside the linguistic framework, we have the morphological and syntactic framework, and inside these two sub-frameworks, we have frameworks, for example, those of plural, of mindset, or perspective, of tense, etc.

5. Language is vocal

Language is essentially comprised of vocal sounds just created by a physiological articulatory component in the human body. First and foremost, it shows up as vocal sounds as it were. 

Composing came to a lot later as an astute endeavor to speak to vocal sounds. Composing is just the realistic portrayal of the hints of the language. Thus, etymologists state that discourse is essential while composing is auxiliary.

6. Language is non-instinctive, conventional

No language was made in multi-day out of a commonly settled upon the recipe by a gathering of people. Language is the result of advancement and tradition. Every age transmits this tradition on to the following. 

Like every single human organization, language likewise changes and pass on, develop and extend. Each language is a tradition in a network. It is non-natural since it is procured by people.

7. Language is productive and creative

Language has efficiency and innovativeness. The auxiliary components of human language joined to created new expressions, which neither the speaker nor his/her listeners may ever have made or heard previously. 

Truly, the two sides comprehend without trouble. Language changes as indicated by the necessities of society.


After the above discussion, we come to the conclusion that these characteristics of a language are part and parcel to build the authenticity of a language.

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